Angular and energy distributions of electrons produced in arbitrary biomaterials by proton impact

We present a simple method for obtaining reliable angular and energy distributions of electrons ejected from arbitrary condensed biomaterials by proton impact. Relying on a suitable description of the electronic excitation spectrum and a physically motivated relation between the ion and electron scattering angles, it yields cross sections in rather good agreement with experimental data in a broad range of ejection angles and energies, by only using as input the target composition and density. The versatility and simplicity of the method, which can be also extended to other charged particles, make it especially suited for obtaining ionization data for any complex biomaterial present in realistic cellular environments.

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P. de Vera, R. Garcia-Molina, and I. Abril, "Angular and energy distributions of electrons produced in arbitrary biomaterials by proton impact", Physical Review Letters 114 (2015) 018101-(1-5)